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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 164-170

Critical study of concept of Grahana (Eclipse) in Ayurveda and jyotish science and its influence on human lives WSR to COVID-19


1 Department of Roga Nidana and Vikruti Vigyana, Jupiter Ayurvedic College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
2 Department Roga Nidana and Vikriti Vigyan, NIA, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Date of Submission15-Aug-2020
Date of Decision15-Oct-2020
Date of Acceptance22-Oct-2020
Date of Web Publication28-Dec-2020

Correspondence Address:
Subhash D Waghe
Department of Roga Nidana & Vikruti Vigyana, Jupiter Ayurvedic College, Nagpur - 441 108, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/joa.joa_237_20

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  Abstract 


Objective: (1) To intimate about the concepts of Grahana as described in Jyotish Shastra and Ayurveda. (2) Brief knowledge about the facts related to the science of Jyotish for the current scenario. (3) To describe about the impacts of celestial events on human life and on present pandemic, i.e., COVID-19. Data Sources: Secondary. Review Methods: Literary method is adopted here from the available sources of Ayurveda and different Ancient Jyotish (Astrological) texts. Results: From the literature, it is observed that there are definite relations in between the eclipses of Sun and Moon on wars and pandemics. Conclusions: Effects of eclipses on pandemics were seen since a long period of time. It was observed and concluded that eclipse affects the human lives in various ways and may act as potential indicator of war and epidemics. To generate the data, there is a need to study the effects of eclipses on epidemics and wars which in turn has been told as the cause of epidemic in Ayurveda.

Keywords: Grahana, janapada dhwansa, yuddha


How to cite this article:
Waghe SD, Dash BR. Critical study of concept of Grahana (Eclipse) in Ayurveda and jyotish science and its influence on human lives WSR to COVID-19. J Ayurveda 2020;14:164-70

How to cite this URL:
Waghe SD, Dash BR. Critical study of concept of Grahana (Eclipse) in Ayurveda and jyotish science and its influence on human lives WSR to COVID-19. J Ayurveda [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 Jan 22];14:164-70. Available from: http://www.journayu.in/text.asp?2020/14/4/164/304910




  Introduction Top


The Jyotish science is complimentary and contemporary to the Ayurvedic medical science. The principles of Jyotish science have been applied in the Ayurvedic science at various places. Grahana (Eclipse) is one such concept which not only indicates about likely development of epidemic diseases but also about the overall fortune of the affected region where the eclipse is visible. Acharyas of Ayurveda are of the view that study-related rituals should not be performed on eclipse days. Similarly, they also mentioned that messenger reporting about patient's health if come during the eclipse time then it is a bad omen and carries the bad prognosis for the patient. As per Jyotishacharya Varahmihir, the Solar eclipse occurring one fortnight before the lunar eclipse and before the mathematically calculated scheduled date is associated with the increased rate of abortions and probably for the same reason, Ayurveda had prohibited the pregnant ladies to see the eclipse. Acharyas of Ayurveda have also predicted the future eye diseases from the eclipse-related dreams seen by the persons. Whereas the Ayurvedic science had described the limited role of eclipses, but Jyotish science had described the various aspects of the eclipses, from its mechanism, various form to impact on various countries depending upon the planetary affliction of Grahas (planets), Nakshtras (constellations), and Rashis (zodiacs). The ancient Indian astrological study on eclipses is similar to the modern space and geographical study and very mesmerizing. As per the modern science, eclipses recur over the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 18 years and 11 days. The eclipse magnitude gives the fraction of the Sun's diameter obscured at the instant of greatest eclipse. Central duration gives the length of the eclipse as seen from the central line. The geographic visibility of eclipse differs from the country to country. There is a need to study the effects of eclipses on the epidemics and wars which in turn has been told as the cause of epidemic in Ayurveda.


  Description Top


Reference to eclipse (Grahana) in Ayurveda

Acharya Vagabhatta is of the opinion that student should not study when there is thundering (Meghashabda/Stania) in the sky, earthquake or eclipse (Rahudarshan):[1]

  • According to Acharya Vagabhatta, messenger reporting about the patient if comes during eclipse due to Rahu and Ketu, then it indicates bad prognosis of the diseases[2]
  • Acharya Vagabhatta is of the opinion that seeing solar or lunar eclipse or their fall on earth in dreams indicates the impending eye disease[3]
  • Acharya Kashyapa is of the opinion that pregnant lady should not see the diminishing moon of later half and the eclipse due to Rahu.[4]


Impact of Grahanas on human life as per Ayurveda:

  1. Messenger reporting about the patient during eclipse time indicates the bad prognosis of the disease
  2. As per Ayurveda, the country with features Utpata (calamity) is called as Vikrut desha (abnormal country) which is prone for the epidemics of diseases.[5] Acharya Charaka, is also of the view that with the abnormality of Nakshatras (stars/constellations), Graha Ganas (Planets), Chandra (Moon), Surya (Sun), Anil (Wind), Anal (Fire), the natural seasonal environment gets changed, and the herbal drugs give up their medicinal properties.[6]



  Definition and Mechanism of Eclipse as Per Jyotish Science Top


Acharya Varahamihir is of the opinion that attributing the shadow Graha like Rahu as the cause of eclipse (Grahana) is the only respect of textual writings of ancestors. The real cause of eclipse is the entrance of moon (Chandra) in the orbit of the sun (Surya mandala) during solar eclipse (Surya Grahana), i.e., moon comes in between the sun and earth in the straight axis, blocking the sunlight coming to the earth. Whereas during the lunar eclipse (Chandra grahana), the moon enters in the shadow of the earth (Bhu Chhaya). That is during the solar eclipse, moon comes in between the earth and sun, whereas during the lunar eclipse, the moon moves into the earth's shadow, i.e., when the sun, earth, and moon are aligned on the same axis with the earth between the two. For the same reason, lunar eclipse never starts from the west and solar eclipse from the east direction.[7],[8] This is exactly the same which the modern space and geographical science says.


  Effect of Untimely Eclipse as Per Jyotish Science Top


If the mathematically predetermined eclipses (Grahanas) occur predated of the scheduled event, then it brings the war among nations, abortions in pregnant ladies. Moreover, if the mathematically predetermined eclipses (Grahanas) occur postdated of the scheduled event, then it brings the losses of food grains and losses to the flowers and fruits.[9] If the solar eclipse occurs after the 15 days of the lunar eclipse, then there is widespread immorality among the mass population, and there is growing hostility between males and females [Table 1], [Table 2], [Table 3], [Table 4].[10]
Table 1: Grahan Fala (eclipse outcome) as per masa (months)

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Table 2: Grahan Fala (eclipse outcome) as per Graha (planetary affliction)

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Table 3: Grahan Fala (eclipse outcome) as per Rashis (Zodiacs)

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Table 4: Grahan Fala (eclipse outcome) as per Nakshatras

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  Impact of Grahanas on Human Life as Per Jyotish Top


As per Acharya Parashara, the baby born during either solar or lunar eclipse, suffers from diseases, pain, fear of death, and poverty.[11] If there is the storm of dust within a week after eclipse is over then there occurs the scarcity of foods. If thick fog occurs within a week after eclipse is over then there is a fear of epidemic of diseases. If earthquake occurs within a week after eclipse is over then there is a death of famous ruler/king of the country. If meteor fall on the earth (Ulka Pata) within a week after eclipse is over then there is death of ministers. If clouds of various colors appears in the sky within a week after eclipse is over then there is great fear among the masses. If there is loud thunder (Meghagarjana/Stanitam) within a week after eclipse is over then there is fear of abortions. If lightening falls within a week after eclipse is over, then it to leads to pain for rulers, snakes, and pigs [Table 1], [Table 2], [Table 3], [Table 4].[12]


  Modern View Top


Eclipses recur over the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 18 years and 11 days. The eclipse magnitude gives the fraction of the Sun's diameter obscured at the instant of greatest eclipse. Central duration gives the length of the eclipse as seen from the central line. The geographic visibility of eclipse differs from country to country. Annular eclipse refers to ring shaped eclipse (Kakankruti Grahana). Penumbral eclipse refers to the eclipse where moon passes through the penumbral shadow of the earth (kha-gras Grahana). In partial lunar eclipse, the part of the moon passes through the umbral/central shadow of the earth. In complete lunar eclipse, complete moon passes through the umbral/central shadow of the earth (Khanda-grass Grahana).


  Observations and Results Top


There is definite effect of eclipses in different activities of human lives.


  Discussion Top


Acharyas of Ayurvedic are of the view that study related rituals should not be performed on eclipse days. As per Jyotishacharya Varahmihira, the Solar eclipse occurring one fortnight before the lunar eclipse and before the mathematically calculated scheduled date is associated with increased rate of abortions and probably for the same reason, Ayurveda had prohibited the pregnant ladies to see the eclipse. Ayurvedic Acharyas are of the view that messenger reporting about patient's health if come during the eclipse time then it is a bad omen and carries bad prognosis for the patient. Whereas the Ayurvedic science had described the limited role of eclipses but Jyotisha science had described the various aspects of the eclipses, from its mechanism, various form to impact on various countries depending upon the planetary affliction of Grahas (planets), Nakshtras (constellations) and Rashis (zodiacs). The ancient Indian astrological study on eclipses is similar to modern space and geographical study and very mesmerizing. As per Jyotisha science the solar or lunar eclipse may lead to the alteration of environment in the form of thunder, storm, earthquake, meteor fall, lightening fall, different coloured clouds with fear of epidemics and abortions. As per Jyotishacharya Varahmihir, if the mathematically predetermined eclipses (Grahanas) occur pre dated of the scheduled event, then it brings the war among nations, abortions in pregnant ladies and epidemics. It may be possible that eclipses produce the conductive environment for microbial growth and proliferation. Greater is the time of eclipse, more is the likely chances of it.











It was observed that solar eclipse took place on December 26, 2019 when biological war in the form of global pandemic of COVID-19 set in. Again solar eclipse took place on June 21, 2020 which was the eclipse before the schedule time leading to surge in cases of COVID-19. In the month of June, 2020, tension started between India and China over “Galwan” issue. Similarly, military tension between China and Taiwan heightened in the month of July. On July 2, 2020, Israel carried out attack on nuclear site of Iran. On July 7, 2020, France and Egypt carried out attack on Turkey [Table 5]. There is growing tension between China America, Japan and Australia. And the world is heading towards the possible world war III. Hence, it proves the Utpat indicating nature of the eclipses (Grahanas) and proves the fact which Jyotishacharya Varahmihir had mentioned in his treatise “Brihat Samhita.” If these references are to be verified retrospectively then it is observed that World War I took place between July 28, 1914 and November 11, 1918. Solar eclipse took place on August 21, 1914. This occurred one fortnight before the lunar eclipse which took place on September 4, 2014. As per Acharya Varahmihir, such eclipse indicate the dangerous conditions like war. The World War I started just around the 1 month period of this eclipse, i.e., on July 28, 1914. World War II took place between September 1, 1939 and September 2, 1945. It was observed that solar eclipse took place on October 12, 1939 which was again a one fortnight before the lunar eclipse which occurred on October 27–28, 1939. The World War II started just around the 1 month period of this eclipse, i.e., on September 1, 1939 [Table 6].
Table 5: Worldwide eclipses in 2019 and 2020

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Table 6: Worldwide Eclipses in 1914-1915 and 1939-1940

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As per Jyotishacharya Varahmihir, if the solar eclipse occurs after the 15 days of lunar eclipse, then there is widespread immorality among the mass population and there is growing hostility between males and females.[19] It was observed that Solar eclipse took place on June 21, 2020 which is just 15 days after the lunar eclipse which took place on June 5, 2020. During this period, there is increased global immorality was observed. China sold the duplicate corona protection kits worldwide. Hackers of enemy attacked on each other's corona vaccine research. Similarly, there are rising instances of enmity between males and females during this period.


  Conclusions Top


  1. Natural Calamity features are used as indicators of future epidemic diseases and wars in ancient Ayurveda and Jyotish science
  2. Ayurveda and Jyotish science have mentioned the impact of Grahanas on human lives
  3. Grahna (eclipse) may be considered as important indicators of Utpat lakshanas
  4. The solar eclipse occurring before the scheduled calculation is usually indicative of epidemic diseases and current epidemic of COVID-19 is a testimony to that
  5. The solar eclipse occurring one fortnight before the lunar eclipse is indicative of war among the nations and increased rate of abortions and probably for the same reason, Ayurveda had prohibited the pregnant ladies to see the eclipse.


Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.





 
  References Top

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